Network security think tank network security review mechanism and Its Enlightenment

采取必要措施不断提升信息技术产品与服务的安全性能,维护网络空间安全与秩序,是各国政府的应尽责任。中国已经明确提出建立实施网络安全审查制度,如何确立有效的安全审查体制机制,管控相应的安全风险,同时规避可能的贸易摩擦风险,是当前亟待解决的问题。鉴于美国与英国等国家已经在国家安全相关的领域,实行了类似安全审查的机制,考察这些机制背后的路径选择、顶层设计和规章体系,分析其变革趋势,在网络全球化日益深入的当下,无疑对中国网络安全审查机制的建立健全有参考意义。
It is the duty of every government to take necessary measures to continuously improve the safety performance of information technology products and services, and maintain the security and order of cyberspace. Chinese has clearly established the implementation of network security review system, how to establish the effective mechanism of the security review system, the corresponding security risk management and control, and avoid the risk of trade friction may be, is the current problems to be solved. In view of the United States and Britain has been on national security related areas, to implement a mechanism similar to the security review, path selection, investigated the mechanism behind the top-level design and rules system, analyzes the reform trend of globalization in the network, the depth of the moment, no doubt on the Chinese Network Security Review system to establish a sound reference.
引言
Introduction
经历数十年的发展,作为一种贸易对象,网络信息技术产品和服务的采购已经形成相对成熟的规则。针对网络信息技术产品和服务市场化采购的行政干预,须遵循市场规律,遵守贸易规则,尤其是在当前数字经济快速崛起、经济全球化和贸易一体化不断深化的背景下。与此同时,鉴于网络信息技术产品和服务的复杂多元与快速迭代,以及基础网络和重要信息系统保密性、完整性和可用性对国家安全的重要影响,必要的网络安全管控措施又显得不可或缺。因此,科学地划定网络空间市场自律与安全监管的法律边界非常重要。
After decades of development, as a trading object, network information technology products and services procurement has formed a relatively mature rules. Administrative intervention for the product of network information technology and services market procurement, must follow the laws of the market, comply with trade rules, especially in the current digital rapid economic rise, economic globalization and trade integration in the context of the deepening of. At the same time, in view of the complicated and diversified products and services of network information technology and rapid iteration, and the basic network and important information system of confidentiality, integrity and availability of the national security of network security control measures is indispensable and necessary. Therefore, it is very important to scientifically define the legal boundaries of the market self-regulation and security supervision.
依据WTO 的“安全例外”原则或可以解释网络空间的安全管控,但是作为对反歧视等原则的突破,该原则适用往往受到严格限制。当前,中国法律已原则性地提出信息技术产品和服务的国家安全审查,为了确保这种网络空间的国家安全审查机制可以与国际贸易规则相得益彰,从特殊性走向普遍性,考察美国、英国等信息技术产品和服务贸易发达国家与之相关的网络安全制度,分析相应的管控机制对象、范围和内容,就显得尤为必要。

According to WTO’s security exception principle or can explain the security control of cyberspace, but as a breakthrough in the principles of anti discrimination, the application of the principle is often subject to strict restrictions. At present, the national security review China law has to put forward the principle of information technology products and services, in order to ensure that the national security review mechanism of this network space can complement each other with international trade rules, to generally from the particularity of the investigation, the United States and other information technology products and services trade in developed countries and the related network security system analysis, object, scope and content of the corresponding control mechanism, it is necessary to.
网络安全审查的概念
The concept of network security review
“网络安全审查”是一个具有中国特色的表达。网络安全审查制度是国家安全审查和监督的基本内容。根据《国家安全法》第59 条,我国的国家安全审查和监管的制度和机制,主要可以分为四类,一是对影响或者可能影响国家安全的外商投资审查,主要是商务部负责的外商投资并购审查;二是特定物项和关键技术的审查,例如密码产品的审查;三是网络信息技术产品和服务的审查;四是涉及国家安全事项的建设项目,以及其他重大事项和活动的审查。
移动金融服务中的信息安全问题实录
Network security review is an expression with Chinese characteristics. Network security review system is the basic content of national security review and supervision. According to the national security law article fifty-ninth, the system and mechanism of national security review and supervision of our country, can be divided into four categories, one is the foreign investment review affect or may affect the security of the state, is the Ministry of commerce is responsible for the foreign investment M & A review; two is the specific items and key technology review, such as password product review; the three is the product of network information technology and service review; four construction projects involving national security matters, and other major events and activities, review.
网络安全审查主要是指对关键信息基础设施采购使用的重要信息技术产品和服务的审查。《网络安全法》第35 条提出“关键信息基础设施的运营者采购网络产品和服务,可能影响国家安全的,应当通过国家网信部门会同国务院有关部门组织的国家安全审查”。国家互联网信息办公室于2016 年12 月27 日发布的《国家网络空间安全战略》更旗帜鲜明地要求建立实施“网络安全审查制度”,强调要加强供应链的安全管理,出于“提高产品和服务的安全性和可控性”,以及“防止产品服务提供者和其他组织利用信息技术优势实施不正当竞争或损害用户利益”两个基本目的,对党政机关、重点行业“采购使用的重要信息技术产品和服务”的行为,明确提出“安全审查”要求。
Network security review refers to the review of key information technology products and services used in critical information infrastructure procurement. Network security law thirty-fifth article key information infrastructure operators procurement network products and services that may affect national security, national security should be examined by the national network information department in conjunction with the relevant departments of the State Council of the organization. National Internet Information Office released in December 27, 2016 national cyberspace security strategy more clearly requires the establishment of the implementation of the network security review system , stressed the need to strengthen the safety management of the supply chain for products and services to improve the security and control, and prevent product service providers and other organizations to take advantage of information the implementation technology of unfair competition or damage the interests of users two basic purpose of government agencies, key industries used for procurement of important information technology products and services, clearly put forward the security review.
虽然由于法律等国情差异,在美国和英国的政策文件中没有与“网络安全审查”(cybersecurity review)直接对应的概念,毕竟“网络审查”、“安全审查”等在西方国家也属于与自由、人权、贸易等相关的政治敏感词汇。但没有“网络安全审查”这样一种说辞,并不意味着不存在针对国家“网络安全”问题的“审查”性规范,许多西方国家通过法律、政策或标准等多元方式,在政府采购等国家安全相关领域,对信息技术产品和服务进行安全测评、评估、认证,乃至许可或审批。这些前置机制,实质上构成了信息技术产品和服务进入国家安全领域的市场准入门槛,与我国信息技术产品和服务的安全审查制度有共通之处,为便于比较研究,因此本文暂冠以“网络安全审查”。
Although due to legal differences in national conditions, in the United States and Britain’s policy document does not and network security review (cybersecurity review) the concept of direct correspondence, after all censorship and security review in western countries and also belongs to the freedom, human rights, trade and other related political sensitive words. But there is no network security review of such a word, does not mean there is no country for network security problems of the review of norms, many western countries through laws, policies or standards in multiple ways, government procurement and other related fields of national security, security evaluation, information technology products and services evaluation and, authentication, permission or approval. These pre mechanism, the market access threshold essentially constitute the information technology products and services in the field of national security, and information technology products and services in China’s security review system is common, for comparative study, this paper has dubbed the network security review.
需要明确的是,英美等国在特定领域实行的“网络安全审查”机制有严格限定,反对在商业领域滥用安全审查与安全例外。尽管世界贸易组织《服务贸易总协定》第14 条“一般例外”规定,在不构成任意的或不公的差别对待或者变相限制服务贸易的情况下,世界贸易组织成员可以采取或实施维护公共秩序的必要措施,但根据相应脚注,只有在社会根本利益受到真实且重大的紧迫威胁之时,才可以引用此条款。因此,当中国实施信息安全等级保护制度,要求第三级以上信息系统采购本国生产的自主信息安全产品时,美国据此提出了质疑,即重点行业属于商用系统,并非《服务贸易总协定》第14 条“安全例外”中的国家安全范畴(如军队或涉密信息系统),除非公共秩序受到真实而急迫的危险,否则不得限制。
Need to be clear is that the United States and other countries in the implementation of specific areas of network security review mechanism is strictly limited, against the use of security review and security exceptions in the business sector. Although the World Trade Organization general agreement on trade in services fourteenth general exception provisions, in does not constitute arbitrary or unfair discrimination or a disguised restriction on trade in services under the condition that the members of the world trade organization can take the necessary measures to implement or maintain public order, but according to the corresponding footnote, only by the real and imminent threat major in the fundamental interests of society, can invoke this clause. Therefore, when the implementation of information security protection system Chinese, independent information security products require more than third information systems procurement of domestic production, the United States put forward questions, that focus on the industry belongs to the commercial system, not the general agreement on trade in services fourteenth safety exception in the category of National Security (such as military or secret information system), unless the public order is real and imminent danger, otherwise it shall not be restricted.
美国对网络技术产品与服务的安全审查
U.S. security review of network technology products and services
基本内容
basic content
美国对信息技术产品和服务的安全审查,从管理机制角度,主要可以区分为采购部门管理规范体系和职能部门管理规范体系两个方面。采购部门管理规范体系的核心,是《联邦采购条例》(Federal Acquisition Regulation),其明确而详尽地规定了联邦政府的采购计划、采购方式、合同类型、采购合同管理、采购合同条款及合同格式等内容。一些特殊部门内部规定了符合部门特殊要求的专项措施,例如,在2000 年1 月美国国家安全电信和信息系统委员会(NSTISSC)1 发布第11 号政策《国家信息安全(IA)和IA 相关的信息技术产品采购政策》,为国家安全系统(National Security System)的采购商业现货(COTS)信息技术产品提供标准化的评价方式,并2003 年进一步修改。又如《2011年国防授权法》(National Defense AuthorizationAct for fiscal year 2011) 第806 节进一步授权美国国防部评估采购过程中的信息技术供应链风险;美国国防部发布了《国防联邦采购补充条例》(Defense Federal Acquisition RegulationSupplement)。此外,作为联邦政府的集中采购机构,联邦总务署(GSA)专门发布《总务署采购手册》(General Services AdministrationAcquisition Manual),指导联邦政府的通用货物采购以及其他联邦机构的自行采购。
U.S. security review of information technology products and services, from the point of view of the management mechanism, can be divided into two main aspects of the procurement management system and functional departments of the management system. The core of the management system of the purchasing department is the Federal Acquisition regulations (Federal Acquisition Regulation), the clear and detailed provisions of the federal government procurement plan, procurement, contract type, contract management, procurement procurement contract and contract format etc.. Some special departments provides special measures to meet the special requirements of the Department, for example, in January 2000 the National Security Telecommunications and Information Systems Committee (NSTISSC) 1 issued eleventh policy national information security (IA) and IA related information technology products procurement policy, as the national security system (National Security System) procurement business spot (COTS) information technology products provide a standardized way of evaluation, and further revised in 2003. As the 2011 National Defense Authorization Act (National Defense AuthorizationAct for fiscal year 2011) 806th further authorized the U.S. Department of defense information technology supply chain risk assessment in the procurement process; the United States Department of Defense issued a defense Federal Procurement Regulations (Defense Federal Acquisition of RegulationSupplement). In addition, as the centralized procurement agencies of the federal government, the General Services Administration (GSA) issued a special general department procurement manual (General Services AdministrationAcquisition Manual), the general guidance of the federal government procurement of goods and procurement to other federal agencies.
鉴于美国既有联邦政府又有州政府,政府机关内部又细致划分权限,因此,职能部门管理体系就显得更加庞杂。其中,联邦层面比较重要的规范性文件包括NSTISSC 1994 年发布的第6 号政策《国家安全通信和信息系统认证认可的国家政策》(1994),并在2005 年进行更新;2011 年发布的《联邦风险和授权管理计划》(Federal Risk and Authorization ManagementProgram, FedRAMP),要求只有通过安全审查的服务商才有为联邦政府提供云计算服务的机会。
Given that the United States has both the federal government and the state government, the internal organs of government and detailed division of authority, therefore, the functional departments of the management system is more complex. Among them, the federal level important normative documents including NSTISSC released in 1994 sixth, the policy of national security communication and information system certification and Accreditation of national policy (1994), and updated in 2005; 2011 release of federal risk and authorization management plan (Federal Risk and Authorization ManagementProgram, FedRAMP), only the security review of the service provider for the federal government to provide cloud computing services opportunities.
此外,美国国家技术标准研究院(NIST)、国家安全系统委员会及各联邦单位等根据联邦信息安全相关法律的授权,具体落实信息技术产品和服务相关的安全标准、安全认证及安全检查工作。
In addition, the National Institute of standards and Technology (NIST), the National Security Committee and the federal system units according to the federal information security related laws, the concrete implementation of safety standards, safety certification and safety inspection information technology related products and services.
采购部门的网络安全审查
Network security review of Purchasing Department
美国在国家安全系统采购、联邦政府采购,以及国防系统和合同商采购领域引入对信息技术产品和服务的安全审查。
The United States introduces security review of information technology products and services in the areas of national security system procurement, federal procurement, and defense systems and contract procurement.
“国家安全系统”采购的网络安全审查措施
Network security review measures of national security system procurement
美国“国家安全系统”的定义和范围十分明确。根据《克林杰- 科恩法案》(Clinger-CohenAct) 和FAR 第39 章的规定, 国家安全系统(National Security System)是指联邦政府运维的通信或信息系统,其功能、操作或使用(1)涉及情报活动;(2)涉及到国家安全相关的密码学活动;(3)涉及指挥和控制军事力量;(4)涉及的设备属于武器装备或武器系统的主要部分;(5)对直接完成军事或情报任务是至关重要的。国家安全系统不适用于日常单独行政和和商业用途系统(包括薪资、财务、后勤和人事管理等)。
The definition and scope of the national security system of the United States is very clear. According to the clinger Cohen act (Clinger-CohenAct) and the provisions of chapter thirty-ninth of FAR, the national security system (National Security System) refers to the federal government or the communication operation information system, its function, operation or use (1) involved in intelligence activities; (2) involving national security related activities in cryptography; (3) to command and control of military forces; (4) the main part of the equipment involved belong to weapons or weapon system; (5) is crucial to direct military or intelligence mission. The national security system does not apply to the day-to-day administrative and commercial use of the system (including payroll, finance, logistics and personnel management, etc.).
针对国家安全系统的网络安全审查措施有着严格的标准和规定。
Network security review measures for national security systems have strict standards and regulations.
为了确保国家安全系统中处理、存储和传输信息的保密性、完整性和可用性,NSTISSP 在1994 年发布的《国家安全通信和信息系统认证认可的国家政策》提出,所有联邦政府机构对其控制和运行的国家安全系统建立和实施强制性认证认可,至2000 年国家信息保障认证认可流程(NIACAP)逐步建立成型。
In order to ensure national security system in the processing, storage and transmission of information confidentiality, integrity and availability of NSTISSP, released in 1994, national security communication and information system certification and Accreditation of national policy proposed, all federal government agencies to implement mandatory certification and accreditation for the establishment of national security system and its operation and control, to in 2000 the national information security certification and accreditation process (NIACAP) and gradually establish molding.
根据NSTISSC2000 年发布的《国家信息安全采购政策》(National Information AssuranceAcquisition Policy) 第6-8 条的相关规定, 自2002 年7 月1 日起,国家安全系统采购的IT 产品必须满足国家信息保障联盟(NIAP)评估认证体系(CCEVS)的评估认证,这一专项评估标准由国家安全局(NSA)和国家技术标准研究院(NIST)一起制定;同时,满足NIST 的联邦信息处理标准(Federal Information ProcessingStandard, FIPS)和信息安全技术评估互认管理的国际通通用准则。其中,NIAP 借助《信息技术安全性通用评估准则》(CC)以及信息系统安全保护轮廓(PP)进行安全审查,审查范围不仅包括保护信息安全的相关产品,比如防火墙系统、入侵检测等,还包括与信息安全相关的其他产品,如操作系统、数据库系统等。与此同时,NIAP 还定期公开相关部门采购清单中通过认证的产品。
According to NSTISSC2000 released the national information security procurement policy (National Information AssuranceAcquisition Policy) the relevant provisions of article 6-8, since July 1, 2002, the national security system procurement of IT products must meet the National Information Security Alliance (NIAP) assessment certification system (CCEVS) of the evaluation and certification, this special assessment standard by the national security the Bureau (NSA) and the National Institute of standards and Technology (NIST) to develop; at the same time, to meet the federal information processing standard NIST (Federal Information ProcessingStandard, FIPS) international mutual recognition for all management assessment criteria and information security technology. Among them, NIAP with the help of information technology security evaluation common criteria (CC) and information system security protection profile (PP) security review, the review scope includes not only related to the protection of information security products, such as firewall, intrusion detection system, but also other products related to information security, such as operating system, database system etc.. At the same time, NIAP also regularly disclose the relevant departments in the procurement list of certified products.
2009 年,国家安全系统委员会发布第1253号指令,将NIST 发布的《保护联邦信息和信息系统的安全控制措施和技术指南》(SP800-53)作为国家安全系统信息安全控制的通用标准。SP800-53 在2009 年的修订中,对供应链安全问题,专门提出了安全控制,建议联邦政府机构采购信息技术产品协议地节前,对供应商的背景进行尽职的评估调查。
In 2009, the National Security Council issued directive No. 1253rd system, NIST will release the protection of federal information and information systems security control measures and technical guidelines (SP800-53) as a universal standard of information security control of the national security system. SP800-53 in the 2009 revision, problems of supply chain security, specially put forward the safety control, proposed that the federal government procurement of information technology products agreement before, evaluate the due diligence of supplier background.
此外,部分用于支持国家安全系统的采购,也要遵循国家安全系统采购的规定。《总务署采购手册》第507 条第70 款规定,虽然总务署的任务不包括直接采购武器系统,但总务署活动可能包括武器系统的支持技术和配套服务,这应当被视为国家安全系统的一部分,适用国家安全系统相应安全等级的要求。
In addition, some of the procurement for the support of the national security system, but also to comply with the provisions of the national security system procurement. The General Department of the procurement manual 507th paragraph seventieth, although the General Department of the task does not include direct procurement of weapons systems, but the general department activities may include weapon system support technology and supporting services, it should be regarded as a part of the national security system and national security system for the appropriate level of security requirements.
非“国家安全系统”采购的网络安全审查措施
Network security review measures of non national security system procurement
对备份数据和日志保留的期限政策,可得平衡考虑备查的便利以及防泄漏的成本,留存太久不仅成本高昂,而且泄露的风险也高,保存时间不够。
与国家安全系统相关采购相对应的,便是非国家安全系统的网络信息技术采购。一是各联邦机构在采购信息技术设备前,要确保信息技术采购符合美国行政管理和预算办公室(Office of Management and Budget,以下简称“OMB”)发布的《A-130 通知》(CircularA-130)规定的信息资源安全、国家安全、隐私保护、突发事件应急准备等具体要求;二是采购财务管理系统要符合OMB 发布的《A-127 通知》(Circular A-127)的要求,核心财务软件必须预先通过“联合财务管理改进项目”的认证;三是联邦机构采购信息技术产品,应当符合信息技术安全的政策法规,采购通过NIST 认证的产品,产品列表详见见NIST 官方网站(http://checklists.nist.gov) 的国家清单计划(NationalChecklist Program, NCP)中的信息安全保障清单一栏;四是采购的信息产品包含互联网协议(Internet Protocol)的,该协议应当通过NIST的USGv6 测试。
Corresponding to the procurement of national security system, it is the non state security system of network information technology procurement. One is the federal agencies in the procurement of information technology equipment, to ensure that the information technology procurement in accordance with the administrative office of management and budget (Office of Management and Budget, hereinafter referred to as OMB) issued a notice of the A-130 (CircularA-130) the provisions of the information resource security, national security, privacy protection and emergency preparedness. Specific requirements; two is the purchase of financial management system to comply with the A-127 notification issued by OMB (Circular A-127) requirements, the core financial software must advance through the joint financial management improvement project certification; three federal agencies shall comply with the procurement of information technology products, information technology security policies and regulations, purchasing certified by NIST product, product list see see the official website of NIST (http:\/\/checklists.nist.gov) of the national plan list (National Checklist Program, a list of information security protection in the column; four is the procurement of information products containing the Internet Protocol (Internet Protocol), the agreement should be tested by NIST USGv6.
与此同时,作为《联邦采购条例》的配套规范性文件,《总务署采购手册》第539 部分规定,负责采购信息技术的联邦雇员,应当具备与采购信息技术产品和服务安全等级相当的水平。项目负责人应当确保招标文件符合信息安全要求,并且信息安全要求必须足够详细,使得供应商充分理解信息安全规定、任务和需求,保证供应商能够履行合同或任务。
At the same time, as a complete specification of federal procurement regulations of the document, the General Department of the procurement manual specified in section 539th, is responsible for the procurement of information technology for federal employees, shall be equipped with a level of procurement of information technology products and services security level is. The person in charge of the project shall ensure that the tender documents in accordance with requirements of information security, and information security requirements should be sufficiently detailed to make suppliers fully understand the information security requirements, tasks and requirements, ensure the supplier is able to fulfill the contract or task.
网络安全审查的特殊措施
Special measures for network security review
无论是国家安全系统的网络安全审查,还是非国家安全系统的网络安全审查,其一般措施都是针对网络信息技术产品和服务的,但是,在某些特殊的情况下,美国采购部门的网络安全审查直接覆盖到供应链阶段。其中,比较有特色的措施有两个:一是国防部的供应链审查;二是明确禁止采购触及的供应链。
Whether it is a network security review system of national security, network security review or non national security system, the general measures are based on the products of network information technology and services, but in some special circumstances, the network security review of the United States procurement department directly cover the supply chain to the stage. Among them, there are two distinctive measures: first, the Department of Defense’s supply chain review; the two is explicitly prohibit the procurement of supply chain.
国防系统的供应链安全审查
Supply chain security review of defense systems

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《2011 年国防授权法案》第806 节授权国防部,在国家安全系统采购中,排除存在重大供应链风险的合同商。其对该风险描述为:“攻击者可能破坏、恶意引入不必要的功能,或者破坏设计、完整性、制造、生产、销售、安装、操作,或者控制整个系统以监控、拒绝服务、中止服务,或者弱化系统的功能、使用或者操作。”
In the 806th section of the defense authorization act of 2011, the Department of defense is authorized to exclude contractors with significant supply chain risks in the procurement of national security systems. The risk is described as: destruction, malicious attacker may introduce unnecessary functions, or destroy the integrity, design, manufacturing, production, sales, installation, operation, and control of the whole system to monitor, denial of service, out of service, or weakening the system’s function, use or operation.
进而2012 年发布的《国防联邦采购补充条例》规定,国防部选择信息技术供应商的时候,必须重点评估合同商是否存在“供应链风险”。
Then in 2012, the federal procurement regulations of defense, provides that the Defense Department to select information technology suppliers, we must focus on assessing whether there is a contract supplier supply chain risk.
禁购性来源的安全审查
Security review of the source of the ban

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FAR 第25 部分第7 节“禁止来源”明确禁止联邦机构与特定国家、单位和个人进行交易。因此,这些国家、单位和个人的信息技术产品和服务,也就无法通过美国联邦政府采购的审查。具体禁止包括:美国财政部外国资产控制办公室(OFAC)经济制裁涉及的国家、单位和个人,禁止交易;《2007 年问责苏丹和撤资法》、《1996 年伊朗自由支持法》及修正案、《2010全面制裁、问责伊朗和撤资法》、《2012 年减轻伊朗威胁和叙利亚人权法》等规定的事项,禁止交易等。
FAR twenty-fifth part of the forbidden source expressly prohibits the federal agencies with specific countries, units and individuals to trade seventh. Therefore, these countries, units and individuals of information technology products and services, it will not be able to review the U.S. federal government procurement. The specific prohibition includes: the U.S. Treasury Office of foreign assets control (OFAC) state, unit and individual economic sanctions involving prohibited transactions; the 2007 Sultan accountability and divestment law, 1996 Iran free support law and the amendment, 2010 comprehensive sanctions, accountability and divestment act, Iran in 2012 to reduce the the threat from Iran and Syria human rights law provisions of the ban on trading matters, etc..
此外,也有规范和中国相关。《2013 年合同与持续拨款法》及《2014 年合同与持续拨款法》均对美国商务部、司法部、国家宇航局和国家科学基金会四家联邦机构,采购中国信息技术系统进行限制,具体表述为“联邦机构负责人与联邦调查局或其他适当机构”对“中国拥有、管理或资助的一个或多个机构所生产、制造或组装的信息系统有关的任何风险”进行“网络间谍或破坏行为”进行风险评估,除非评估认为“该系统采购符合美国的国家利益”,否则“不得采购”。
In addition, there are norms related to china. The 2013 contract law and continued funding and the contract of 2014 and continued funding law of the United States Department of Commerce and the Ministry of justice, NASA and the National Science Fund for four federal agencies, procurement China information technology systems limited, specifically described as federal agencies and the Federal Bureau of investigation or other appropriate institutions one or more agencies to have Chinese, management or funding the production, manufacture or assembly of the information system about any risk to cyber espionage or sabotage risk assessment, unless the assessment that the system procurement to meet the national interests of the United States, or shall not purchase.
职能部门的网络安全审查
Functional network security review
如果说政府采购的限定性规范属于直接审查措施的话,那么职能部门则是通过明确联邦机构的安全责任和联邦信息系统的安全标准,间接地进行了网络安全审查。这种间接审查的主要措施有两种:一是联邦政府业务系统安全检查制度,二是近年来兴起的云计算服务安全评估。
If the limitation of standard government procurement belongs to directly examine the measures, then the functional departments is the specific safety standard federal agencies and the federal information security responsibility system, indirectly by the network security review. There are two main measures for this kind of indirect review: first, the federal government business system security inspection system, the two is the rise of cloud computing security assessment in recent years.
联邦政府业务系统安全检查制度
Federal business system security inspection system

聚安全技术公开课:移动APP漏洞风险与解决方案

2002 年《联邦信息安全管理法》(FISMA)明确规定了联邦政府机构的信息安全管理责任。第3544 节(a)(1)(A)(ii) 规定的责任主体范围包括“机构、机构的承包商、机构的代理组织使用或运维信息系统”,以确保联邦政府层面信息系统和数据的安全。为实现法律的落地,FISMA指定NIST 开发政府信息安全的标准和指南。随后,NIST 在2003 年、2006 年相继颁布FIPS 199标准和FIPS 200 标准。前者对联邦信息和信息系统进行高、中、低级分类,建立了安全保护的通用框架;后者明确了联邦信息和信息系统的最低安全要求,并要求联邦机构使用安全控制措施,符合SP800-53 的要求。2011 年,NIST又颁布了FIPS 201 标准,明确联邦身份识别系统的相关标准。
In 2002, the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) clearly defines the information security management responsibilities of federal agencies. Section 3544th (a) (1) (A) (II) provisions of the scope of the subject of responsibility including agency, contractor, agent or organization use maintenance information system , to ensure that the federal level information system and data security. To achieve the landing of the law, FISMA designated NIST development of government information security standards and guidelines. Subsequently, NIST in 2003, in 2006, the FIPS 199 standard and the FIPS 200 standard. The former is high, medium and low classification of federal information and information system, and establish a general framework of security protection; the latter defines the minimum security requirements for federal information and information systems, and requires federal agencies to use safety control measures, in accordance with the requirements of SP800-53. In 2011, NIST issued the FIPS 201 standard, a clear federal identity system standards.
针对FISMA 涉及的技术安全问题,NIST牵头提出了信息安全自控方案(InformationSecurity Automation Program), 在此基础上延伸出了安全内容自控协定(Security ContentAutomation Protocol, SCAP)框架,该框架由6 个检查标准、一致性标准等标准构成。实际运行中,这6 个支撑性标准需检查内容、检查方式等均由美国国家漏洞数据库(NationalVulnerability Database, NVD) 和国家清单计划(NCP)提供,由此安全内容自控协定基本能够实现标准化和自动化的安全检查,动态确定安全基线。
Aiming at the security problem of FISMA to NIST, led by the information security automation program (InformationSecurity Automation Program), based on the extension of a security agreement (Security ContentAutomation Protocol control, SCAP) framework, the framework is composed of 6 inspection standards, consistent standard standard. In actual operation, the 6 support standard to the contents and style of examination are made by the U.S. national vulnerability database (NationalVulnerability, Database, NVD) and the National Planning Checklist (NCP), which can realize the security content automation protocol standardization and automation of the safety inspection, to determine the dynamic security baseline.
概而言之,标准化和自动化是FISMA 下联邦信息系统安全检查的最重要的特征。
In general, standardization and automation is the most important feature of the federal information security check system under FISMA.
云计算服务安全评估
Cloud computing services security assessment
2011 年,OMB 发布首席信息官备忘录《云计算环境信息系统安全授权》,阐述了《联邦风险和授权管理计划》(FedRAMP)。根据FISMA 和FedRAMP 相关规定,成立“联合授权委员会”(JAB),负责制定云服务安全基线要求、批准第三方机构认定标准、对云计算服务进行初始授权等工作的组织和协调。该委员会成员由来自美国国防部、国土安全部、总务署三方的代表共同组成。
In 2011, OMB released the chief information officer memorandum cloud computing environment information system security authorization, elaborated the federal risk and authorization management plan (FedRAMP). According to the relevant provisions of FISMA and FedRAMP, set up a joint authorization committee (JAB), responsible for the cloud service security baseline requirements, approved third party organization recognized standards for cloud computing organization and coordination services for initial authorization work. The committee members from the United States Department of defense, homeland security, the General Administration of representatives of three parties together.
根据FedRAMP 的相关规定,云服务安全基线并非固定的“一条”,而是在《保护联邦信息和信息系统的安全控制措施和技术指南》(NISTSP 800-53)的基础上,针对低级、中级的云,选取适合于云的服务的部分内容,修改形成了云计算服务安全基线要求。FedRAMP 不建议联邦机构将高安全等级需求的业务和数据迁移到云上。
According to the relevant provisions of FedRAMP, the cloud service security baseline is not fixed a, but in the protection of federal information and information systems security control measures and technical guide (NISTSP 800-53) on the basis, according to the lower and intermediate cloud, select suitable for cloud service parts service, modify the form cloud computing services security baseline requirements. FedRAMP does not recommend that the federal agency will be high security requirements of the business and data migration to the cloud.
FedRAMP 的评估审查流程明晰。首先,有意向为联邦政府提供云计算服务的云服务商主动提出申请。此时,并不涉及服务商的资质问题,管理办公室仅进行形式审查。然后,该云服务商的相关材料被转送到联合授权委员会认可的第三方评估机构。第三方评估机构根据云服务安全要求对该云服务商进行测评。最后,这一测评结果重新反馈到联合授权委员会。联合授权委员会参照这一结果,对云服务商进行风险评估,即实质审查,并做出最终决定。一旦联合授权委员会认为有意向的服务商通过了评估审查,给予该服务商初始授权,那么,各联邦政府部门就可以在初始授权名单里根据自身需求选择提供云计算服务的服务商。与此同时,鉴于在这一流程中,意向的发出者是服务商,风险评估针对的也是发出意向之时的服务商,这就意味着,即便联合授权委员会的最终决定是不予授权,也并不意味着这一云服务商自此便失去了和政府合作的机会。因此,这实际上形成了一种“白名单”机制。
FedRAMP assessment review process clarity. First, there is the intention of providing cloud computing services for the federal government cloud service providers take the initiative to apply. At this point, does not involve the qualification of service providers, the management of the office is only a formal review. Then, the cloud service provider’s related materials are transferred to the third board of accreditation. The third party evaluation agency based on cloud services security requirements for the cloud service providers. Finally, the results of the assessment are re fed to the joint licensing committee. In the light of this result, the joint licensing Committee conducts a risk assessment of the cloud service provider, which is a substantive review and final decision. Once the joint authorization Committee believes that the intention of the service provider through the review, given the initial authorized service provider, then the federal government departments in the initial authorization list can choose according to their needs to provide cloud computing service providers. At the same time, in this process, the intention is a service provider, is also a risk assessment for the intention of the service provider, which means that, even if the final decision is not authorized by the joint committee authorized, also does not mean that this cloud service providers have since lost opportunities for cooperation and government. Therefore, this actually forms a white list mechanism.
由于各部门可以共享安全评估与审查结果,就避免了不同政府部门针对同一云服务供应商的重复评估和审查。这在降低政府部门的审查成本和供应商的备查成本的同时,还确立了“一次审查、多次使用”的原则,有效地扶持和促进云计算服务产业的发展。
Because the various departments can share the security assessment and review results, it avoids the repeated assessment and review of different government departments for the same cloud service providers. This is to reduce the cost of government departments to review the cost of the supplier and the reference, but also established a review, the principle of multiple use, effectively support and promote the development of cloud computing services industry.
根据FedRAMP 的相关规定,联邦政府及各部门采购商业和非商业化云服务,都需要预先通过安全评估、授权以及运行前审批。亚马逊的美国政务云服务即通过了联邦风险和授权管理计划(FedRAMP)的认证,并在其官网公开承诺其物理服务器分布在美国境内,只有美国公民可以访问。
According to the relevant provisions of FedRAMP, the federal government and the Department of purchasing commercial and non commercial cloud services, are required in advance through the security assessment, authorization and approval before operation. Amazon U.S. government cloud services through the federal risk and authorization management plan (FedRAMP) certification, and on its website public commitment to its physical servers distributed in the United States, only the United States citizens can access.
作者 >>>
author
顾伟,阿里巴巴集团法务部法律研究中心副主任,中国社科院研究生院法学博士,主要研究方向为数据保护与网络安全法。
Gu Wei, deputy director of the research center of the Ministry of justice, Ministry of justice, the Chinese Academy of social sciences.
刘振宇,上海师范大学博士后,主要研究方向为法理学。
Liu Zhenyu, a postdoctoral fellow at Shanghai Normal University.
(本文选自《信息安全与通信保密》2017年第三期)
This article is selected from the third edition of information security and communication security in 2017

信息安全论坛ISF发布未来两年安全威胁态势预测,报告称传统的安全风险管理方法受到了挑战,不能只关注信息安全领域,而是要更多结合组织战略和使用基于业务影响的方法来进行风险管理。

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摘抄外面中介刷屏广告:是人就给1500,看清楚,资料简单,利息超低,一个月50块钱利息,1500块钱不多!小口子不接单红包88!继续往下阅读,免费享受此项技术!
Excerpt: advertising is outside intermediary Shuabing to 1500, see clear, simple, low interest, 50 dollars a month interest, 1500 yuan is not much! Small hole does not receive a single red 88! Read on and enjoy the technology for free!
图为:根据巴客的攻略测评下款1.5K,技术在公众平台对话框回复“学习”
Map: according to 1.5K evaluation Pakistan off the next strategy, technology in the public platform to reply learning dialog
巴客网校(UBAKE.NET)解析:其实就是捷信福袋,大面积下款,几乎成功率高达95%!急需钱的朋友可以去申请!
Pakistan off campus (UBAKE.NET) analysis: in fact, Gitzo bags, a large area of the success rate as high as 95%, almost! A friend in need of money can apply!
▲如何申请捷信福袋?
How to apply Gitzo bags?
刚出来的时候只有500额度,后来提额到1000,现在又提额到1500了,全程微信即可申请,微信扫下图内部二维码,进行操作!(需要提醒,随机电话回访)
Just come out when there are only 500 lines, and later raised to 1000, and now to the amount of up to 1500, the whole WeChat can apply, WeChat sweep the following two-dimensional code, for operation! (need to remind, random phone call back)
图为捷信福袋申请入口,只要长按识别二维码即可申请1500元!更多内部通道查阅学员群
For each child for as long as Gitzo entrance, according to the identification of the two-dimensional code can apply for 1500 yuan! More internal access to student groups
▲捷信,如何做到100%出额度?
How long do 100% Gitzo line?
IT人员的系统访问及相关操作需要得到控制和审核,所有的访问操作都有据可查并且定期审计;需不断地向员工提供相关的安全政策的教育和培训。
捷信主要是通过身份证反欺诈系统和手机运营数据来做风控模型的,只要你没有在捷信的黑名单里面,手机使用满半年,都会有额度!
Gitzo is mainly anti fraud system through the ID card and mobile phone operation data to do risk control model, as long as you are not in the Gitzo blacklist, mobile phone use over half a year, there will be the amount of!
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Map: according to the evaluation of Pakistan off the Raiders, the 1.5K on the public platform respectively, the dialog box of learning to obtain more reliable recovery and hole technology
1、手机必须实名半年以上,
1, the phone must be more than six months real name,
2、绑定的银行卡必须和预留手机、地址等相同
2, the bank card binding must be reserved for mobile phones, addresses, etc.
3、不在捷信黑名单(原来没有捷信产品逾期、手机分期逾期等)4、会有回访电话,简单核对资料
3, not in the black list (not the original Gitzo Gitzo products, mobile phone and other overdue overdue installment) 4, there will be a return call, simply check the data
5、会上征信,白户需要建立征信记录的话,是不错的选择!
5, the meeting credit, white households need to establish credit records, then, is a good choice!
申请被拒:有多种可能性,您可能输入了错误的信息,或者您的信息(身份证号码,手机号码,银行卡号)不匹配或者资质不符。您的贷款资质会随时更新,建议保持良好的信用记录,下次再尝试申请。
The application was rejected: there are many possibilities, you may have entered the wrong information, or your information (ID number, cell phone number, bank card number) does not match or qualification does not match. Your loan qualification will be updated at any time, it is recommended to maintain a good credit record, and then try again.

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Welcome to entertain more students access to secret group!
在公众平台对话框直接回复“学习”
In the public platform dialog directly reply learning

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或联系QQ3030696918
Or contact QQ3030696918
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WeChat sweep attention to the public number

防范军事间谍活动

近几年恶性的停电事故、恶劣气候和自然灾害使我们渐渐认识到业务持续性和灾难恢复的重要性,大量的安全事故产生的根本原因是人们缺乏安全意识;同时行业法律法规及监管力度也在日渐加强,我们决定在安全意识培训方面增加投资。

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亟需规范的数据恢复行业

冠e通获国家信息安全等级保护三级备案证明

安全演习,跨国合作,应急响应,组织也仔细应该学习领会相关精神,并应用到紧急事件响应计划、业务持续性和灾难恢复计划的实际工作之中!
国家信息安全等级保护三级备案
近日,冠e通获北京市公安局东城分局核准颁发的“国家信息安全等级保护三级备案”证明,成为继《网络信息中介机构业务活动管理办法》出台后,成为互金行业内少数完成信息系统等级备案的平台之一,也标志着冠e通在合规发展的道路上又迈进一大步。
信息安全等级保护
信息安全等级保护是依据《中华人民共和国计算机信息系统安全保护条例》(国务院147号令)、《计算机信息网络国际联网安全保护管理办法》(公安部第33号令)和《信息安全等级保护管理办法》对信息系统安全等级保护状况进行检测评估的活动。
现有评选标准上,非银单位的最高评级就是第三级,四大国有银行(总行)的一二级分行(省行、市行)等重要金融机构一般是第三级认证。
冠e通获得国家信息安全三级评测意味着在技术安全、应急保障及系统管理等方面达到了国家标准,对于用户来说,可以更加安心体验平台所带来的互联网金融服务。
亟需规范的数据恢复行业
2016年8月24日发布的《网络信息中介机构业务活动管理办法》,是互联网金融行业规范的法律依据。
监管明确规定
《网络信息中介机构业务活动管理办法》第十八条明确要求:网络借贷信息中介机构应当按照国家网络安全相关规定和国家信息安全等级保护制度的要求,开展信息系统定级备案和等级测试,具有完善的防火墙、入侵检测、数据加密以及灾难恢复等网络安全设施和管理制度,建立信息科技管理、科技风险管理和科技审计有关制度,配置充足的资源,采取完善的管理控制措施和技术手段保障信息系统安全稳健运行,保护出借人与借款人的信息安全。
《网络信息中介机构业务活动管理办法》是互联网金融行业正规发展的指标,冠e通一直在为合规发展而努力,以积极主动的心态一步步完成监管要求。
对于互联网金融平台来说,能给完成监管要求是实力,拥有主动合规的心态才是关键,冠e通以普惠金融为宗旨,积极营造更加正规的互联网金融圈。
平台推荐:
关于银行资金存管 有些事你一定还不知道
风控这件事 是冠e通最任性的坚持

互联网金融再入“两会”视野 看看都说了些什么

细说吸血鬼起源 全方面体验天命传说血腥策略玩法

精彩活动:

越来越多的人都在网上购物,那些最不安全的密码,你的密码安全吗

我身边的话唠,她失恋了~
春风肆虐 100套天丝面膜送给您

前隆金融通过ISO27001国际信息安全认证

点击“阅读原文”一步注册 礼包到手~~
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密码仍然是安全工作中的弱项,应对字典攻击和常用密码猜测,各类公司应该加强密码策略如复杂度,密码安全保护技巧比如防偷看等的沟通,并且勇于采用多重的身份验证机制,比如使用双因子动态口令。

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Tang Cheng Cheng won the ISO27001 information security management system certification

黑客:医疗设备已成为入侵医疗网络的关键切入点

现代组织普遍采用现代通信、计算机、网络技术来构建组织的信息系统。但大多数组织的对信息资产所面临的威胁和严重性认识不足,缺乏明确的信息安全方针、完整的信息安全管理制度。

我国社会工作教育“二缺” 不同国家社工如何运作

Modern organizations generally use modern communication, computer and network technology to build the information system of the organization. However, most organizations are not aware of the threats and seriousness of information assets, lack of a clear information security policy, the integrity of the information security management system.
我司在运营过程中一直从预防控制的角度出发,高度重视保障组织的信息系统安全。近期更是获得ISO27001信息安全管理体系认证。不仅标志着唐合易成信息安全管理迈入标准话水平,也是我们深耕信息安全领域的最好背书与证明。未来,我们将不改追求信息安全,让我们的产品与服务成为更多用户的选择。
Our company has been in the process of operation from the perspective of prevention and control, attaches great importance to the protection of the organization’s information system security. Recently is to obtain ISO27001 information security management system certification. Not only marks the Tang Heyi into information security management into the standard level of words, and that is our best endorsement of roots in the field of information security. In the future, we will not change the pursuit of information security, so that our products and services become more user choice.
我们支持724小时IT备件/备机销售及租赁和售后服务我们支持IT多平台运维、维保服务、机房迁移服务、数据容灾备份服务24小时服务热线:400-6296-001业务支持邮箱:support@tanghop.com
We support 724 hours standby \/ IT spare parts sales and leasing and customer service service we support IT multi platform operation and maintenance, maintenance service, room service, transfer data backup service 24 hours service hotline: 400-6296-001 e-mail: support@tanghop.com business support
移动金融服务中的信息安全问题实录
请关注唐合易成公众订阅号,了解更多!
Please pay attention to the Tang Heyi into a public subscription number, more!

存储信息大爆炸时代 利用大数据分析解决行车难问题

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真正涉及到安全问题的是我们的个人信息,以及与自身权益密切相关的信息、个人隐私等等。近年来,由于个人信息的泄露造成的各类事件,已经带来了相当严重的社会危害。

堡垒最容易从内部攻破,大量的安全事件和内部员工的无知和疏忽有关,所以加强内部员工的信息安全意识教育非常重要。

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信息安全在线课程

Basic knowledge of computer: concept and prevention of computer and network information security

❖俄罗斯插画师 Dmitry Narozhny
Russian illustrator Dmitry Narozhny
“发现大家下载选择题的内容以后很少进行学习了,所以近期会将内容拆成小节进行推送,方便使用手机的小伙伴随时查看。
We found that the contents of the contents of the download selected questions are rarely studied, so the content will be broken down into a push in the near future, to facilitate the use of mobile phone partners at any time to view.

计算机与网络信息安全的概念和防控
The concept and prevention of computer and network information security
1计算机安全定义
1 computer security definitions
国际标准化组织(ISO)对计算机安全的定义是:为数据处理系统建立和采取的技术上和管理上的安全保护,保护计算机硬件、软件不因偶然的或恶意的原因而遭破坏、更改和暴露。
The international organization for Standardization (ISO) definition of computer security is to establish a data processing system and security protection by the technology and the management, protection of computer hardware and software is not due to accidental or malicious destruction, and change and exposure.
2计算机安全立法
2 computer security legislation
国务院于1994年2月18日颁布的《中华人民共和国计算机信息系统安全保护条例》第一章第三条的定义是:计算机信息的安全保护,应当保障计算机及其相关的配套设备设施(含网络)的安全,运行环境的安全,保障信息的安全,保障计算机功能的正常发挥,以维护计算机信息系统的安全运行。
In February 18, 1994 the State Council promulgated the People’s Republic of China Computer Information System Security Protection Ordinance chapter third is defined as: computer information security protection, should protect the computer and its related facilities (including network) security, operation environment security, information security, computer security function, in order to maintain the safe operation of computer information system.
3计算机安全操作
3 computer security operation

中铁二十一局四公司西钢盛世华城项目部积极开展安全培训教育

电子商务成黑客敛财的新手段,电子商务对网站的安全重视程度远不够,所以安全保护措施与国际领先水平差很远,其差距远超过国内外黑客水平之差,
计算机使用环境:温度在室温15°C ~ 35°C之间;相对湿度在20%~80%之间;对电源一要要求稳,二是在机器工作时供电不能间断;在计算机的附近避免磁场干扰。
The use of computer environment: temperature at room temperature 15 C ~ 35 C; relative humidity in 20% ~ 80%; the power to require steady, two power supply is not interrupted in machine work; avoid magnetic field interference in the vicinity of computer.
计算机的维护:要注意防潮、防水、防尘、防火,在使用时注意通风,不用时应盖好防尘罩,机器表面要用软布沾中性清洁剂经常擦拭。
Computer maintenance: to pay attention to moisture, waterproof, dust-proof, fire prevention, in the use of attention to ventilation, when not to cover the dust cover, the surface of the machine with a soft cloth with neutral detergent often wipe.
开机顺序为:先对外设加电,再对主机加电;而关机顺序正好与此相反;每次开机与关机之间的间隔不应少于10秒。在加电情况下,机器的各种设备不要随意搬动,也不要插拔各种接口卡。应避免频繁开关机器,计算机要经常使用,不要长期闲置不用。
Boot sequence is: first set up external power, and then the host power supply; and the shutdown sequence is the opposite; each boot and shutdown interval should not be less than 10 seconds. In the case of power, the machine does not move the various devices, do not plug a variety of interface card. Should avoid frequent switching machine, the computer should be used frequently, do not idle for a long time.
4计算机安全管理
4 computer security management
为了保证计算机的安全使用,在日常工作中要做好以下方面的工作:
In order to ensure the safe use of computers, in the daily work to do the following work:
系统启动盘要专用,对来历不明的软件不应马上装入自己的计算机系统,要先检测,后安装使用。
The system boot disk to special, for the unknown source or origin software should not immediately into their computer systems, the first test, after installation.

对系统文件和重要数据,要进行备份和写保护。
Backup and write protection for system files and important data.

企鹅医生是一家纯正的移动互联网公司

对外来软盘和盗版光盘,必须进行检测方可使用。
For external floppy disks and pirated discs, it must be tested before use.
不要轻易装入各种游戏软件,游戏软件通过存储介质将病毒带入计算机系统的可能性极大。
Do not easily loaded into a variety of game software, game software storage media through the possibility of the virus into the computer system.
定期对所使用的磁盘进行病毒的检测与防治。
话题:【驻沪专电】普华永道:今年中国TMT行业IPO保持全球前三位
Regular use of the disk for virus detection and prevention.
若发现系统有任何异常现象,及时采取措施。
If there is any abnormal phenomenon, take timely measures.
对于连网的计算机,在下载软件时要特别注意,不要因此而将病毒一并带入计算机
For networked computers, you should pay special attention when downloading the software
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西安市档案局到碑林区开展省AAA级认证及市级示范街道测评工作

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企业需注重对全体员工开展经常性的网络信息安全和保密知识学习教育,重点加强计算机操作人员业务培训,增强计算机操作人员安全保密观念和防范意识。

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信息安全意识试卷

The city’s system to strengthen network and information security work

近日,为提高全员信息安全意识,保障税务信息系统安全运行,全市系统各单位积极开展网络信息安全培训,做好网络安全提升工作。
Recently, in order to improve the overall awareness of information security, to ensure the safe operation of the tax information system, the city’s various units to actively carry out network information security training, improve network security work.
莲池区国税局组织网络信息安全培训,开展办税服务厅网络安全专项自查,从自助办税终端、WIFI服务、内网终端安全、互联网终端安全等四大方面进行提升,做好安全加固、与局内互联网隔离、部署内网终端等具体工作。

杭州市“十二五”会展业发展规划

Lotus District IRS organization of network information security training, to carry out security tax service hall network special self-examination, upgrade from self service terminal, WIFI service, internal network security, internet terminal security four aspects, to ensure the safety of reinforcement, isolation, and on the deployment of Internet intranet terminal specific work.
平南供电宣传自治区安全用电管理办法
顺平县局组织全体税务干部召开网络信息安全培训会,解读系统内网络安全违规案例,签订信息安全协议,要求计算机类设备使用人承诺遵守明确信息安全责任。
Shunping County Bureau of taxation cadres held all the network information security training, interpretation system of network security violations signed information security protocol, requirements of computer equipment use clear commitment to comply with information security responsibilities.
清苑区局组织网络信息安全培训,将系统操作理论与日常工作实际有机结合,进一步提高广大干部的信息安全意识。
Qingyuan District Bureau of the organization of network information security training, the system will be combined with the actual operation of the actual work, to further enhance the awareness of information security cadres.

建工控股公司召开一季度安全生产工作会议

博野县局开展信息安全培训,总结了当前在网络与信息安全方面存在的问题和整改建议,对打印机等设备共享、内网查杀病毒、无线WiFi等日常工作中各部门比较关注的安全问题进行说明,进一步强化了干部职工信息安全意识。

Boye County Bureau to carry out information security training, summarizes existing in the network and information security problems and proposals, explained the security problems of the various departments, printers and other equipment sharing network viruses, wireless WiFi in daily work of concern, further strengthening the staff awareness of information security.
阜平县国税局2017年度网络与信息安全培训,以《税务系统网络安全手册》为蓝本,以培养良好的网络安全行为习惯为出发点,从办公行为安全、防病毒、电子邮件安全、密码安全、违规外联、移动存储介质使用安全等部分展开,在讲解生动形象的税务工作场景的基础上,结合实际操作中的小技巧,深入浅出地向参训人员阐明使用网络、通讯设备的各项注意事项,收到了良好的培训效果。

服务器租用价格不是最重要的,安全稳定要重要考虑

Fuping County Bureau of the 2017 year of network and information security training to tax system network safety manual as a blueprint, to cultivate the habit of network security and good behavior as a starting point, from the office of behavioral safety, anti-virus, email security, password security, illegal connection, mobile storage media using security parts, based on vivid scenes of the tax work, combined with the tips in the actual operation, easy to use, the trainees to clarify network communications equipment considerations, received good training effect.
涞水县局开展信息网络安全教育培训活动。县局信息中心为全局税务干部印发了信息网络安全学习资料,对信息网络安全细节方面的要求进行了讲解,号召全体税务干部“从我做起、注重细节、加强警惕、保证安全”。
Laishui County Bureau of information network security education and training activities. County Bureau Information Center for global tax cadres issued the information network security information network security of learning materials, the details of the requirements of the talks, called on all the tax cadres begin from me, attention to detail, to strengthen the vigilance and safety.
人力资源对员工进行背景调查时,除了查查信用和犯罪记录,问问前雇主员工的绩效表现,当然会访问搜索引擎和社交网络的,所以在社交网络上要小心言行。
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2017年3月22日,北京监管部门向各网贷平台下发了一份名为“网络借贷信息中介机构事实认定及整改要求”(以下简称“要求”)的文件。自2016年8月24日《网络借贷信息中介机构业务活动管理暂行办法》公布后,各地监管部门开始结合本地具体情况起草实施细则。
要求全文共计8大项148条。八大项为1、公司基本情况;2、应尽未尽义务;3、违反十三项禁令;4、违反风险管理要求;5、违反科技信息系统风险管理规范;6、出借人与借款人保护;7、信息披露;8、其他风险提示。在每一大项下,“要求”对“暂行办法”的重点条款细化分解,详尽列出了涉及违规的不同具体情形。和此前广东、厦门公布的监管细则相比,北京此次的“要求”可以称得上最具体、最严格。

上海”十三五”将以先进高端制造业为发展方向

“要求”第五项:“违反科技信息系统风险管理规范”,依据20160824“暂行办法”第十八条规定。第104至110条指出存在问题:未有充分的技术保障措施需要整改,具体表现为:1、未开展信息系统定级备案和等级测试;2、不具备完善的防火墙、入侵检测、数据加密以及灾难恢复等网络安全设施和管理制度;3、未建立信息科技管理、科技风险管理和科技审核有关制度;4、未记录并留存借贷双方上网日志信息,信息交互内容等数据,留存期限为自借贷合同到期起5年;6、未能每两年至少开展一次全面的安全评估,接受国家或行业主管部门的信息安全检查和审计;7、未能在成立两年建立应用级灾备系统设施;8其他。 由此可见,网贷行业合规发展,安全技术保障措施规范势在必行。
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业务越来越依赖信息系统和数据,同时其所面临的安全威胁不断增长,客户和大众对个人隐私和数据安全越来越重视,法律法规对安全的要求和监管也越来越严格,众多的驱动力会使安全的需求不断增长。

除非确认消息是安全无毒的,否则一律将电子邮件附件、社交网站链接和网站上的可下载文件视同病毒处理,立即删除。

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Technical guidance encountered bad road so open, to ensure that you do not have a chassis!

互联网金融行业信息安全意识
烂路,不只是农村的专属,现在甚至城里到处都在修路,挖了修,修了挖。这就跟从冰箱里拿出一块猪肉,再放回去,手上会有一层油一个道理。
但是小编在这里并不是说什么油水问题,而是说烂路,遇到烂路要怎么开?
“直接飞过去呗!”“慢点开进去就行啦”……相信每个车主都自有一套应付烂路的“法宝”。但不得不承认,有时候也会被磕到底盘,或者把石子卷上来打到底盘和车身等。
那么问题来了,烂路到底要怎么驾驶,才不至于磕伤底盘?才不至于把小石子卷上来打到车身?坐稳了,老司机要开车了:
切勿跟车太近
首先要跟前面的车保持安全距离。
如果遇到前方有大车,很多老司机都会选择加速超车。在水泥路或柏油路上这样做问题不大,但是在轻度烂路上这可是极其危险的动作。
一方面,轻度烂路一般车速较快,跟得太近,很可能被前车后轮很容易卷起石子和石块砸到;另一方面,在轻度烂路上行驶,是很容易扬尘的。前车通过尘土路面时,会扬起灰尘,很容易阻挡驾驶员视线,发生交通事故。
其次,轻度烂路上很容易出现打滑和侧滑现象。在沙石路面上,由于地面形态不稳定,轮胎的摩擦效能降低,抓地力下降,在急刹车的时候往往会出现轮胎抱死的情况。如果速度太快,出现紧急情况,很难一脚刹车就控制住速度。因此,在这样的路面上行车,首先要控制开车的速度。
正确处理打滑
就跟上面说的一样,驶过烂路时,急刹车容易导致车轮抱死,就算有ABS,也起不到太大的作用。如果速度太快,出现紧急情况,很难一脚刹车就控制住速度。所以,开车慢点吧,特别是烂路。
再者就是侧滑,同样是由于沙石路面抓地力不够,在转弯时,轮胎无法承受车身的偏转时就会发生侧滑。特别是在下坡转急弯时,最容易出现。
出现了怎么应对呢?如果是入弯前制动过度,造成车身荷载前移,转向较晚又急于打方向纠正而引起的侧滑,应松开刹车踏板,使驱动轮恢复牵引力,同时把方向盘转向侧滑的一侧,打方向时不能过急或持续时间过长,防止车辆向相反方向滑动。
如果是车速高、转向急引起的侧滑,应立刻松开油门,利用发动机降低车速,向出现侧滑的一侧轻打方向盘,使车脱离侧滑的状态。
重度烂路的驾驶技巧
重度烂路的路况属于比较糟糕那种,这里王要指那些路面极度不平整的土路或者乡村公路,石块堆砌的路面凹凸不平,起伏较大,一般在雨后极度的湿滑和泥泞,这类公路还勉强可以称为公路,在农村地区时常可以遇到。
正确把握方向盘
首先,当汽车在重度烂路上驾驶时,握方向盘的手法和平日驾车有所不同。由于路面不平整,方向盘会随轮胎的晃动左右摆动,不能将手指放在方向盘内侧,这样才能防止方向盘回跳时弄伤手指。
另外也不要图省劲而反握方向盘,如果这时方向盘反跳会伤着你的手腕。最安全的方式是让手指顺着方向盘的外侧握住方向盘。
根据前车车辙印来判断路况
土、石烂路,在冬天经过雨雪的侵蚀,往往都很泥泞颠簸。这样的地方不是每个车都可以顺利通过的,所以就需要对路面的质地、软硬程度进行判断。
比较简单的办法是看有没有汽车通过的车辙印,有就说明路是有汽车安全行驶过的,车辙印越新说明前车通过的时间距现在越近。
根据胎迹的大小、宽窄还可以判断出是什么类型的汽车,如果有比较新的轮印,而且和自己车属于同类,那么就可以尝试去通过,如果看不出这些,就需要询问一下当地人,此路的情况。
开放监督和保护隐私是一个硬币的两面,要分清谁是谁非可是个哲学和立场方面的问题。
如果觉得可以通过,尽量请车上的乘客下车,减轻车的重量,空车通过。在通过的时候,要保持过水一样的技术要领。由于阻力大,需低挡行驶,将转速尽量保持在2000-3000转,然后保持匀速通过。切记不能中途加速或者停车。
学会骑着车痕行驶
在泥泞的烂路上,车痕往往低于路面,路两边及中间较高。由于轿车的底盘低,这样的路段对于轿车来说是个严峻的考验。简单的处理方法是,观察地上的车痕到底有多深,如果还不深的时候,可以沿着车痕走。因为车痕里的路面被车辆反复压实后相对比较平整。
但如果车痕深的话,则不能再沿车痕走,而需要骑在车痕间通过。整个过程一定要小心谨慎、稳稳握住方向盘。如果路面湿滑,或者有很多泥浆,要避免骑行时滑入车痕当中。如果感觉到有托底的现象,应立刻减速,慢慢调整方向从车痕中爬出来。
总结:不管在城市还是农村,总会时常遇到一些不好的路况,谨慎而正确的驾驶方式往往都可以把问题迎刃而解避免意外的发生,希望一些小技巧能帮到大家,尽可能的减少意外。
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Rotten Road, not just the exclusive rural areas, and now even the city everywhere in the road, dug repair, repair dug. This is followed by a piece of pork out of the refrigerator, and then put back, there will be a layer of oil on the hand of a truth.
But Xiao Bian here is not to say what the oil and water problem, but said rotten Road, how to break the bad way to open?
Fly straight! Go go slow…… I believe that each owner has its own way to deal with rotten road magic. But have to admit, sometimes will be knocked to the chassis, or roll up the stones hit the chassis and body, etc..
So the problem is, rotten road in the end how to drive, not to hurt the chassis? Not to roll up the small stones hit the body? Sit tight, old driver to drive:
Don’t get too close to the car
First of all, keep a safe distance from the car ahead.

教练技术领导力培训: 相信自己每天都要进步

If there is a car in front, many old drivers will choose to accelerate overtaking. It’s not a big problem on cement or asphalt roads, but it’s a very dangerous move on a light, rotten road.
On the one hand, the general speed of the road is relatively fast, too close, it is likely to be the front car rear wheel is easy to roll up stones and stones hit; on the other hand, in the light of bad road, is very easy to dust. When the car passes through the dirt road, it will raise the dust, it is easy to block the driver’s line of sight, traffic accidents.
Secondly, it is easy to slip and skid phenomenon on the mild rotten road. In the sand on the road, because the ground form is not stable, reduce friction, tire grip efficiency decreased when the brakes often tire lock case. If the speed is too fast, there is an emergency, it is difficult to control the speed of a single brake. Therefore, in such a road on the road, first of all to control the speed of driving.
Handle correctly
As said above, through the black road, easily lead to brake wheel lock, even with ABS, will not have much effect. If the speed is too fast, there is an emergency, it is difficult to control the speed of a single brake. So drive slowly, especially the rotten road.
Furthermore, the sideslip, the same is due to the lack of grip gravel road, when cornering, the tire can not withstand the deflection of the body will occur when the sideslip. Especially in the downhill turn sharp, most likely.
How to deal with it? If it is turned into the front brake load excessive, causing the body forward, and to make correct direction to late skid caused by release of the brake pedal, the driving wheel to restore traction, while the steering wheel side, the direction can not be too fast or duration is too long, to prevent the vehicle in the opposite direction of sliding.
If the vehicle speed is high, sideslip caused by radical shift, should immediately release the accelerator, reduce the speed by engine, to the side of the wheel sideslip direction of light, the car from sliding state.
Driving skills for severe bad driving
Severe road conditions are relatively bad bad one, the king here refers to the dirt road that extremely uneven pavement or rural roads, uneven surface, stone piled the undulating, generally in the rain extremely slippery and muddy, the highway will still be called highways in rural areas can often encounter.
Correctly grasp the steering wheel

商业银行增值型内部审计实现路径及保障机制的构建

First of all, when the car driving on the road, driving the steering wheel is different. Because the surface is not smooth, the steering wheel with tire swing swing, cannot put your fingers inside the steering wheel, so as to prevent the wheel bounce hurt fingers.
In addition, do not figure out the strength of the province and the steering wheel, if the steering wheel will hurt your wrist. The safest way is to let your fingers hold the steering wheel on the outside of the steering wheel.
According to the front car tracks to determine the road
Lanlu soil and stone, in the winter after rain erosion, often very muddy. This is not a place where each car can be successfully passed, so you need to determine the quality of the road surface, soft and hard degree.
A relatively simple way is to see if there is no car through the track printing, there is a way to explain the car is safe to go through, the more the new track description of the car before the time passed by the closer.
According to mark the size, width can also determine what type of car, if there is a new round of India, and his car belong to the same, then you can try to go through, if not see these, you need to ask the local people, this road.
If you think you can pass, please try to get off the bus passengers to reduce the weight of the car, empty through. In passing, to maintain the same technical essentials of water. Due to the large resistance, the need to block the low speed, the speed as far as possible to maintain at 2000-3000 rpm, and then maintain uniform speed through. Remember not to stop or stop.

Learn to ride a car
In the muddy road, the car marks are often lower than the road, on both sides of the road and the middle high. Because of the low chassis, this section of the road for the car is a severe test. A simple way to deal with is to observe how deep the car marks on the ground, if not deep, you can walk along the tracks. Because the car marks in the road after repeated compaction by the vehicle is relatively flat.
But if the car marks deep, then you can not go along the track, and the need to ride in the car marks through. The whole process must be careful, firmly grasp the steering wheel. If the road is slippery, or there is a lot of mud, to avoid slipping into the car marks during the ride. If you feel there is the underpinning of the phenomenon, should immediately slow down, slowly adjust the direction of climbing out of the car in.
Conclusion: no matter in the city or the countryside, will often encounter some bad road conditions, careful and correct way of driving is often the problem can be smoothly done or easily solved to avoid accidents, hope some tips to help you as much as possible to reduce the accident.

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Research and application of key technologies of adaptive quantum secure communication in power system

电力行业是关系到国计民生的基础性行业,承担着为经济社会发展提供坚强电力供应的基本使命,因此电力行业的安全问题不仅关系到电网的稳定运行,也关系到国家能源安全和国计民生,甚至关系到国家的安全和利益。在电网逐步实现智能化的今天,对电力通信的安全需求已经提升到了政治高度。现代电力系统的运行与控制高度依赖信息交互与通信传输,电力系统与信息、通信系统已逐渐融合成为高度集成的复杂系统,信息技术在提供便利的同时,也将信息安全的潜在威胁叠加到电力系统的安全稳定中。对于电力信息系统的安全防护,信息传输过程成为了易攻击点和薄弱环节,容易受到伪指令攻击和信息泄露。因此需要一种更优的加密方式,以保证信息在传输过程中的安全性。

报告显示:95.9%的手机网民认为自己曾遇到过手机信息安全事件

The power industry is a fundamental industry beneficial to the people’s livelihood bear the economic and social development, provide the basic mission of strong power supply, so the safety problem of the electric power industry is not only related to the stable operation of power system, but also related to national energy security and even beneficial to the people’s livelihood related to national security, and interests. In the gradual realization of intelligent power grid today, the security needs of power communications has been raised to a high degree of political. The operation and control of modern power system is highly dependent on information exchange and communication, power system communication and information system has gradually become a complex system integration of highly integrated information technology, while providing convenience, information security will also be added to the potential threat to the power system security and stability. For the security protection of electric power information system, the information transmission process is easy to attack and weak. Therefore, we need a better encryption to ensure the security of the information in the transmission process.
传统加密原理都是依靠计算的时间复杂性来保证,理论上存在被破译的可能。随着计算能力的提高,传统密码算法、加密技术面临着被破解、安全性削弱等挑战。作为下一代密码标准的配对密码,也已在日本被21台联网通用计算机破解。

基于硬件和软件的一次性密码一般都比短信传送的一次性密码更加安全,但是通过手机短信传送一次性密码的方式更为节省系统的部署和后期维护成本,因为手机被认为是被普遍采用而且不增加额外开支的“硬件”。
Traditional encryption principle is to rely on the time complexity of the calculation to ensure that there is a theoretical possibility of being deciphered. With the improvement of computing power, the traditional cryptographic algorithms and encryption technologies are faced with challenges such as being cracked and weakened. As the next generation of password matching passwords, has also been in Japan by 21 general computer network crack.
量子加密利用单光子不可分割、量子态不可复制的特性,实现通信双方间的安全密钥分配,解决了对称加密算法中密钥分配的安全性问题。量子加密通信的安全性由量子物理原理保障,它是至今为止唯一得到严格证明的,能从原理上确保实现无条件安全的通信加密技术,符合电力行业对于保密通信的需求具有长期、持久和高安全的特点。量子保密通信产品作为一种全新的密码技术,具有远高于传统密码技术的通信安全保障能力,具有卓越的核心竞争力。因此,量子保密通信产品将打破商密产品的同质化,提升整个密码产品行业的竞争力,成为市场的增长点。此类项目的建设可以在关键的点和面上填补国家安全以及社会经济发展中对信息安全日益增长的需求和现有保护能力之间的缺口。
Quantum cryptography is based on the fact that a single photon can not be separated and the quantum state can not be copied, so as to realize the secure key distribution between the two sides of the communication. Quantum cryptography communication security is guaranteed by the principle of quantum physics, it is by far the only strict proof, can ensure the communication encryption technology to realize the unconditional security of the principle, in line with the characteristics of electric power industry has a long-term, lasting and high security for secure communication needs. As a new kind of cryptographic technology, quantum secure communication products have the ability of communication security, which is much higher than traditional cryptography. Therefore, the quantum secret communication products will break the homogeneity of the product, enhance the competitiveness of the entire password products industry, the market growth. The construction of such projects can fill the gap between the growing demand for information security and the existing protection capacity in the national security and socio-economic development.
公司通过量子保密通信技术与电力系统业务需求相结合,开展城域、城际的示范应用,为北京冬奥会核心供电业务提供量子保密通信技术保障,形成量子保密通信系统以及与电力业务系统融合的应用平台,推动量子通信技术在北京市的产业化落地,最终形成适合首都供电保障要求的低成本、量子级安全可靠的通信技术解决方案,并在北京成功试点的基础上构建面向京津冀电网直至全国电网的电力通信量子保密应用模式。将量子保密通信技术与电力工控系统无缝融合,形成的全新的信息安全解决方案一方面将显著提高电力系统信息传输的安全性,大幅提升了首都电网数据安全水平,为北京地区政治供电保障、通州副中心建设、京津冀地区协同发展提供可靠支撑。另一方面将起到示范引领作用,促进量子保密通信技术在以能源为代表的国家公用事业领域的应用与推广,大幅提升国民经济关键领域基础设施的安全性,对首都高新技术的发展产生带动效应,具有重大战略意义和社会价值。
The company through the quantum secure communication technology and power system business needs the combination of demonstration and application in Metro, intercity, for the Beijing Olympics core quantum secure communication service providing security, the formation of a quantum secure communication system and application platform integration with the power of the business system, promote the quantum communication technology landing in Beijing city industrialization, the formation of suitable for low cost, safe and reliable quantum communication technology capital supply requirements of the final solution, power communication quantum secure application mode and construct for the Beijing Tianjin Hebei grid until the national power grid in Beijing based on the success of the pilot. The seamless integration of quantum secure communication technology and power control system, a solution of new information security will significantly improve the security of power system information transmission, greatly improving the safety level of the power data, to provide reliable support for the coordinated development of Beijing regional political power supply, Tongzhou vice center, Beijing Tianjin Hebei region. On the other hand will play a leading role model, promote the application and promotion of national public utilities quantum communication technology in energy as the representative of the national economy, greatly enhance the safety of the key areas of infrastructure, have driven effect development of high-tech capital, it is of great strategic significance and social value.

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话题:信息安全产业步入黄金期 十三五期间规模将达千亿
在网络信息安全事件上,媒体有时就是喜欢搧风点火,断章取义,吸引眼球,其中可能有行业不良竞争者的恶意泼水,网络安全应急响应实际上在考验公司的综合应对实力。

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内部泄密….淘宝天猫购物内幕!看看你被坑了多久?

领先的系统有漏洞不代表人家不好啊,漏洞总会有,问题是被揭发漏洞之后的正确反应,拒不承认,私下修复问题并不是高招儿,因为类似不诚实小孩儿的伎俩骗不了几个用户。
淘宝购物这么多年,看完这篇淘宝内部人士的爆料,绝对震惊!!原来可以省这么多钱下来(有在淘宝买过东西的你,建议好好看完)。
今天来曝光一个怎么领取内部优惠券,请各位耐心看完这个视频,以后上网购就可以省一半左右的钱了,做个精明消费者!
双11、双十二都过去了
别以为那价格就是最低
真正低价的在这里
曝光淘宝内部优惠券渠道
是不是很惊讶,假设你每月网购消费1000元,一年消费1.2万元,通过领取内部优惠券可以省4成的钱,就是120000.4=4800元,一年可以省4800元,把手机钱省出来啦!
不会省钱网购的女人不要再网购了。作为一个淘宝账号4金钻的骨灰级老买家,自认为在选店铺,选宝贝,比价格这一块已经达到登峰造极无人能比的境界了。我基本每天都会逛淘宝,然后给孩子给老公给家里买一些精挑细选出来的好东西。然而最近被好朋友拉到了一个微信群里,我才发现原来我一直以来都亏了好多钱啊!!!
事情的起因是这样的,周末闺蜜来我家玩,我拿出我刚买的法国进口松露巧克力给她吃。然后她问我是不是19元买的,我说你在开玩笑?这可是我花了59元买来的。结果她告诉我她也买了这款,但她在一个微信群里领了一张40元的内部优惠券,只花了19元就买到了!
闺蜜看到我疑惑的眼神,还怕我不信,就打开手机淘宝给我看了成交记录!天啊,还真的。整整便宜了40元啊!! 59元都可以买3盒了呢,真的是亏大了啊! 简直毁我网购达人的一世英名!!当机立断,立马让闺蜜拉我进那个微信群。原来,群主专门与各大天猫淘宝商家合作,能取得淘宝天猫的内部劵,帮他们推广爆款!在此之前相信大部分不清楚内部劵的朋友会问:什么是天猫内部劵?我后来才知道的,所谓天猫内部劵,是由商家后台设置优惠券,没有公开在他的店铺展现给所有人领的,只发布给群主的内部群,只有群内成员才能及时领取到,并在券有效时间内使用它,就能得到群内优惠价!因为天猫是不对外,只针对内部发放的优惠劵 所以只有内部群人员才知道 真不敢想以前网购多花了多少钱啊 我只能默默的在心里说天猫的@#……%……%……(省去N个字)啊,就给你们内部人员有优惠 我们这些常年在天猫网购的一点也没有, 太坑爹了啊!在群里潜水了一段时间后,发现群里真的有很多价格便宜好多的好东西!这是内部群刚分享的门垫,相信大部分人都用得到吧, 家里的门垫正好也旧了,刚好要买一条新的,而且用完券只要3.6元,还全国包邮!于是长按群主发的口令,打开手机淘宝,领取5元内部优惠卷。之后点了立即使用下单 。。。。。鸡冻人心的时候出现了哈哈 超开森的,真的是3.6元包邮,晚上睡觉也偷着乐。
8块雕牌肥皂只要5.9元,天猫店的吹风机16.9元,法兰绒的毛毯10.8元,厨房玻璃密封罐5.2元…..还有很多生活用品、衣服、护肤品和美食~以上我只是随机把群里面的内部劵消息的某几条发出来,因为实在太多各种优惠了。。有兴趣的朋友自己加群看下噢~~~买不买都无所谓的,没事也可以看看呀,最好先领了内部劵,因为不是经常有的,错过了别悔青了肠子噢~~~
韩范条纹学院风显瘦刺绣衬衣
【原价】79元
【券后】59元
【推荐】经典条纹元素,欧美宽松风,时尚之余更显瘦,优质面料,精致刺绣花纹,大气百搭!
焕畅 老红糖姜茶姜汁红糖生姜红糖姜母茶
【原价】:19.9元
【券后】:14.9元
【推荐】:两盒送萌杯,天猫老店,姜好糖正,驱寒养胃,送女朋友必备。
买2送1春夏蕾丝花边纯色弹力修身吊带抹胸性感中长款防走光裹胸女
【原价】:29.9元
【券后】:9.9元
【推荐】:优雅蕾丝裹胸!精美蕾丝设计!柔软舒适!
妙玉裳2017早春新品风衣女系带中长款
【原价】:228元

Pwn2Own黑客大赛:macOS和Safari被攻破

【券后】:168元
【推荐】:韩版牛仔,粉蓝黑粉色,修身系带中长款,梦幻粉色风衣,全国包邮,闪电发货。
ES24k黄金电动美容棒瘦脸器提拉紧致
【原价】:98元
【券后】:38元
【推荐】:V脸塑形,改善细纹,淡化眼袋,改善脸部问题,改善肤色,勿忘宠爱自己
德国进口美颜果冻孕妇口红
【原价】:98元
【券后】:38元
【推荐】:淡化唇纹 持久润色 颜色独特 天然安全果冻口红 孕期妈妈放心使用
金稻便携式纳米手持补水仪
【原价】:158元
【券后】:98元

【推荐】:金稻纳米喷雾,极速渗透,手持补水仪,冷雾抗过敏,方便携带。
【名牌秒杀】迪芙莱加大加宽夹板【送3D造型教学】
【原价】:129.9元
【券后】:29.9元
【推荐】:百年品牌冲销量冠军 ,直发造型,空气刘海,大卷内扣,国家CCC安全认证产品
雪玲妃温和卸妆水脸部深层清洁乳液眼部眼唇彩妆淡妆卸妆油液正品【原价】:17.9元
【券后】:2.9元
【推荐】:深层卸妆,温和亲肤,深层清洁,舒缓补水,植物萃取,送卸妆棉。
在我们的淘宝内部渠道,
像这样亏本在卖的商品举不胜举!

漏成筛子 2016年被入侵网站增加近1/3

商品琳琅满目,一定有你需要的宝贝!
只要你有机会加入到内部购物群!
内部群只能添加500人,名额相当有限,过期不候!
如何获得这种内部优惠劵:
方法很简单,只需长按下方二维码,就可以轻松加入淘宝内部购物群。由于申请加入的朋友太多,蚂蚁只能按先后顺序安排,加满即止!
如果群扫描群二维码加入不了的,请添加下方群主微信
由于申请加入的朋友太多,淘淘只能按先后顺序安排,加满即止!

全市教育系统安全会议:加强宿舍管理杜绝不良信息

快加群主吧,不然好友加满了就进不了啦!
(长按识别二维码添加群主微信)
使用优惠卷后的下单价,绝对让亲有种买到就赚到的感觉!淘宝购物买的是产品、购的是心情,我们教你花最少的钱买最好的东西,让你的钱花得值、花得爽!
投毒案对信息安全从业人员的启示
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大部分的安全管理人员都已经认识到信息安全意识的重要性,只是由于缺乏足够的最佳实践参照标准和方法而不知如何着手开始工作,而让信息安全意识培训落入到一个尴尬的境地。

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